Ghritham is medicated ghee having the medicinal properties of plants, minerals or animal products. It is an integral medium in the manufacture of Ayurvedic medicines.
Ayurveda says that ghee and milk can be used regularly for better health
Ayurveda says that ghritham is better than the three types of fat/oil derivatives, i.e. fat from bone (majja), fat from animal flesh (vasa) and oils (thailam). The unique feature of ghritham is that it retains the potency of the drug without compromising the drug’s quality.
Ghee, which has been kept for 10 years, is called Purana Ghritha. And it is widely used in treating epilepsy and other neurological disorders
All people, irrespective of age, can use ghritham. The dosage may vary according to the body constitution of the patient and the severity of the disease. According to Sharngadhara Samhitha, the dosage of ghritham is up to 48 gram. Generally, 10 to 15 gram is administered. The administration of ghritham formulations is vital in Panchakarma therapy and the dosage will be high. In Snehapana procedure, a single dose will be 25 ml, 50 ml, 100 ml, etc. Ghritham can be used in conditions like peptic ulcer and related ailments, chronic wounds, joint pains, skin diseases, insanity and epilepsy. Some well-known ghritham formulations are Mahaathikthaka Ghritham, Brahmi Ghritham, Panchagavya Ghritham and Indukaantham Ghritham.
|Name of Ghritham||Usage|
|Effective for rheumatic complaints, skin
diseases, E.N.T. disorders, intestinal spasm,
piles, diabetes, sinus wounds and fistulain-
|For rheumatism, tuberculosis, intestinal
spasm, stomach pain, intermittent fever.
|For skin diseases, fever, epilepsy, fistulain-
ano, piles, jaundice, anaemia, intestinal
|For insanity, epilepsy, hysteria, mental
retardation, aphasia, loss of memory.
|Good for general debility and provides
healthy hair growth.
|For aphasia. Increases grasping power,
Mode of Preparation
During the formulation process, the medicinal properties of the herbs used will be transferred into the ghee and thus the ghee becomes a potent formulation. The ground paste of the ingredients of the medicine (kalkadravya) and liquids (dravadravya) are the two main constituents in the preparation. Kalkadravya is the ground paste state of the ingredients used after powdering them. The fat-soluble parts of these medicines are transferred into the ghee medium during Snehapaka vidhi (the procedure of the formulation of ghee).Different types of liquids are used in the preparation of ghritham. This may vary according to each formulation. A few examples of the liquids are: water, the juice of eclipta alba, juice of aloe vera, juice of emblicaofficinalis, milk, cow’s urine and the decoction of any drug materials explained in the formula.
Ghritham is prepared by boiling ghee along with kalkadravya and dravadravya until all the liquids evaporate thoroughly. Then it will be filtered.
Warning: Ghee should not be administered when the patient is suffering from tuberculosis, indigestion, constipation, fever, diabetes, upper respiratory tract infections and bronchitis when mucus secretion is more.