Mango, or Mangifera Indica, is a tropical and seasonal fruit. It belongs to the family Anacardiaceae, and is widely found in India and South- East Asia. Mango trees have deep roots and reach a height of 40 ft-120 ft. Young mango leaves are copper in colour and matured ones are deep green. The flowers are mostly male which supply pollens and a few are bisexual which help in the formation of fruits. Ayurveda texts mention various herbal preparations using different parts of mango tree. These preparations are used to normalize a variety of health conditions. Mango bark, flower, leaves, and seed kennel are astringent and cause dryness of body tissues. Ripe mango is sweet and it increases sliminess and mucous secretion. It also normalizes vata and pitha. It helps relieve constipation and normalize digestion.
Consumption of ripe mango increases haemoglobin in blood and is very useful in treating anaemia. Ayurvedic texts eulogize the uses of ripe mango as an aphrodisiac. It is known to rejuvenate male reproductive system and increase the quality and quantity of semen. It also increases sexual energy (as it nourishes rakta dhatu) and stamina. Thus it helps in erectile dysfunction and low libido. Ripe mango strengthens the body, increases body bulk and increases the glow of skin. High fibre content in mango fruit helps to relieve constipation. This property helps to normalize doshas and expel body toxins. This fruit is a good source of a variety of minerals and vitamins which help increase sexual energy. Hence Ayurveda acharyas call this fruit “Vrishya”, meaning `that which helps to correct erectile dysfunction increase the quality and quantity of semen and act as aphrodisiac. Natural vitamins of mango (Vit A, Vit C) help to relieve clogged pores of skin and increase its fairness and glow.
The medicinal uses of different parts of mango tree, according to Ayurveda, are as follows: “Aamra pushpam atisaarakaphapittaprahemanut Asrugdhraharam sheetam ruchikrud graahi vaatalam” Mango flower reduces diarrhoea and normalizes kapha and pitha. As it has cooling properties, it controls dysfunctional uterine bleeding and rejuvenates taste buds. Tarunam tu tadatyaamlam ruksham doshatrayaasrakrit Young mangoes are very sour and vitiate all the three doshas. Pakwam tu madhuram vrishyam snighdham | guru vataharam hridyam varnyam sheetampittalam|| Kashayaanurasam vahnishleshmashukravivardhanam Ripe mango is sweet to taste and it increase the stamina of the body. It is an aphrodisiac and hence helps in erectile dysfunction and impotence. Ripe mango is heavy to digest and acts as a cardiac tonic. It increases digestion, glow of skin and quality and quantity of semen.