The Dry Eye Syndrome

This is a syndrome that is very common among today’s youngsters since it is they that spent the majority of their daytime in front of any one of their digital devices or television. It is good to be hardworking but make sure that your health is not at risk. Read on to understand more about this syndrome.

 What are dry eyes?

Dry eyes are a common condition that occurs when the tears aren’t able to provide adequate lubrication for the eyes. Tears can be inadequate for many reasons. For example, dry eyes may occur if you don’t produce enough tears or if you produce poor-quality tears.

Dry eyes feel uncomfortable. If you have dry eyes, your eyes may sting or burn. You may experience dry eyes in certain situations, such as on an airplane, in an air-conditioned room, while riding a bike or after looking at a computer screen for a few hours.

 Signs and symptoms include:

  • A stinging, burning or scratchy sensation in your eyes
  • Stringy mucus in or around your eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Eye redness
  • A sensation of having something in your eyes
  • Difficulty wearing contact lenses
  • Difficulty with nighttime driving
  • Watery eyes, which is the body’s response to the irritation of dry eyes
  • Blurred vision or eye fatigue

 Causes:-

  • Decreased tear production: Dry eyes can occur when you’re unable to produce enough tears. The medical term for this condition is keratoconjunctivitis sicca (ker-uh-toe-kun-junk-tih-VY-tis SIK-uh).
  • Increased tear evaporation: This maybe due to wind, smoke or dry air. It can also be due to blinking less often.
  • Imbalance in tear composition: The tear film has three basic layers: oil, water and mucus. Problems with any of these layers can cause dry eyes.

Risk factors:-

Factors that make it more likely that you’ll experience dry eyes include:-

  • Being older than 50. Tear production tends to diminish as you get older. Dry eyes are more common in people over 50.
  • Being a woman. A lack of tears is more common in women, especially if they experience hormonal changes due to pregnancy, using birth control pills or menopause.
  • Eating a diet that is low in vitamin A, which is found in liver, carrots and broccoli, or low in omega-3 fatty acids, which are found in fish, walnuts and vegetable oils
  • Wearing contact lenses

Complications:-

People who have dry eyes may experience these complications:

  • Eye infections.Your tears protect the surface of your eyes from infection. Without adequate tears, you may have an increased risk of eye infection.
  • Damage to the surface of your eyes.If left untreated, severe dry eyes may lead to eye inflammation, abrasion of the corneal surface, corneal ulcer and vision problems.
  • Decreased quality of life.Dry eyes can make it difficult to perform everyday activities, such as reading.

Lifestyle management:-

  • Avoid air blowing in your eyes.Don’t direct hair dryers, car heaters, air conditioners or fans toward your eyes.
  • Add moisture to the air.In winter, a humidifier can add moisture to dry indoor air.
  • Consider wearing wraparound sunglasses or other protective eyewear.Safety shields can be added to the tops and sides of eyeglasses to block wind and dry air. Ask about shields where you buy your eyeglasses.
  • Take eye breaks during long tasks.If you’re reading or doing another task that requires visual concentration, take periodic eye breaks. Close your eyes for a few minutes. Or blink repeatedly for a few seconds to help spread your tears evenly over your eyes.
  • Be aware of your environment.The air at high altitudes, in desert areas and in airplanes can be extremely dry. When spending time in such an environment, it may be helpful to frequently close your eyes for a few minutes at a time to minimize evaporation of your tears.
  • Position your computer screen below eye level.If your computer screen is above eye level, you’ll open your eyes wider to view the screen. Position your computer screen below eye level so that you won’t open your eyes as wide. This may help slow the evaporation of your tears between eye blinks.
  • Stop smoking and avoid smoke.If you smoke, ask your doctor for help devising a quit-smoking strategy that’s most likely to work for you. If you don’t smoke, stay away from people who do. Smoke can worsen dry eyes symptoms.
  • Use artificial tears regularly.If you have chronic dry eyes, use eye drops even when your eyes feel fine to keep them well-lubricated.

Ayurveda management:-

  • Drops of Triphala ghrit are instilled into the eyes.
  • A gentle massage with Triphala ghrit over and around the eyes is also beneficial, our skin being permeable absorbs it upto remarkable amount.
  • An ayurvedic procedure known as ‘Netra-Tarpan’ gives miraculous relief from dry eyes, it not only reduces irritation burning and scratching sensation, but also imparts nourishment to the eyes.
  • Internal and external use of Triphala ghrit soothens and strengthens the eyes.
  • Take a spoonful of Triphala powder and add a glass of water to it, leave it over night, strain the liquid the next morning and wash the eyes with the infusion.
  • Add Triphala churna to a glass of hot water, cover the solution after the powder settles down dip the sterile eye pads into the clear liquid and place them on both eyes for 10-15mins. You can also place eye pads dipped in rose water or cold milk.
  • Application of a drop of Honey on the lower eyelid cleanses the eyes by producing tears profusely.
  • Nasya with medicated oil or ghee, and Gandush also gives good results.
  • Boil 1/2 tsp. fennel seed in a cup of water, and boil it back until reduced to half. Sip when warm.
  • Similarly boil Triphala powder in water and reduce it to half, strain and add 1tsp of honey.you can drink this daily as a general tonic for eyes.

Complied by AHT team

 

 

 

 

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