Keep gums healthy with Ayurveda

Getting your gum problems right is important and essential for a hygienic, healthy mouth. Here, Dr. Adithya Babu, gives an overview of the gum diseases and what Ayurveda can do to prevent as well as treat them.         

Gum diseases and their treatments are described in Mukha roga chikithsa , which is a sub division of Salakya tantra, one among the eight branches of Ayurveda. Gum diseases are named as Dante moola roga in Ayurveda. Ayurveda identifies a total of seventy five mukharogas (diseases effecting oral cavity) among which 13 are gum diseases. Gum diseases are important as the health of gums are crucial in the well-being of the teeth and most of the times the disease may progress unidentified. It is very important to detect gum diseases at the earliest and treat it accordingly to prevent  severe complications.

Lack of oral hygiene is considered as the major cause of oral diseases, especially gum diseases. Oral hygiene is a part of personal hygiene, though it is neglected very often.

Signs of healthy gums

  • Firm and pink colour gums fitted tightly around the teeth.
  • No bleeding while brushing or flossing.
  • Mouth smells good without any unpleasant odour.
  • Moreover, one can take food properly and speak with confidence.

 Causes of dantha moola rogas (gum diseases)

  • Increased and daily use of fish, beef, pork, raw radish, black gram, lentils, curd, milk, vinegar, sugarcane juice, and
  • Lying with head in a lower position than the body.
  • Improper cleaning of teeth and oral cavity.
  • Overuse of the above food items especially when combined with poor oral hygiene that can result in vitiation of kapha dosha. This is responsible for oral pathology. This can lead to the formation of dental plaque that cause inflammation of the surrounding gum tissue.
  • Items like vinegar can cause erosion of the oral mucous membrane which makes the gums prone to several diseases.
  • Smoking, chewing of tobacco, malnutrition, hormonal imbalance.
  • The diseases and treatment modalities which lowers the immunity of the individual may also lead to several gum diseases.
  • Old age
  • Dental restorations that don’t fit properly
  • Crooked teeth, which are difficult to clean

 Signs and symptoms of gum diseases

  • Swollen or puffy gums
  • Dark red or dusky red gums
  • Bleeding easily on brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath
  • Receding of gums
  • Tenderness of gums

 Preventive measures

  • It is a good habit to brush the teeth at least twice a day using a good quality toothbrush
  • Use traditional materials like the twig of a Neem tree, Black Catechu plant, leaf of Mango tree for this purpose.
  • This should be used only once and then discarded.
  • One end of the twig or rolled mango leaf should be crushed to make a fine brush. This will make the teeth strong and the gums healthy and the mouth clean.
  • In case these are not available, a good quality toothbrush with soft or medium bristles may be used. Toothpaste is not essential for brushing.
  • The upper teeth should be brushed from above downwards and the lower from below upwards.
  • Care must be taken not to give too much pressure while brushing, as this can cause damage to teeth and the gums.
  • Mouth should be rinsed thoroughly after brushing and after each meal.
  • Flossing shuld be done at least once a day.
  • This is to remove the food remains and plaque in the gap between the teeth.
  • Gargling twice daily with lukewarm water, preferably in the morning and before going to bed is good and healthy for the gums and teeth.
  • Eating healthily and drinking enough water is essential.
  • Boiling 5 gms of thriphala churnam  in 2 glasses of water  and then gargling the mouth with this solution after it is lukewarm or cooled is a good remedy for most gum diseases. Khadira gulika is also a choice.
  • Arimedadi thailam, when used for gargling for at least once daily is good for treating oral ulcers, sensitive tooth, and mobility of teeth.
  • Gargling the mouth with black sesame paste mixed with warm water is a very good remedy for Gingival diseases.
  • Including black sesame in daily food in small quantities is also beneficial.
  • Gargling twice daily with lukewarm sesame oil is good in preventing oral diseases and strengthening gums.
  • In short, keeping the oral cavity clean and taking a balanced diet and getting regular dental checkups can help to prevent or even reverse gum diseases.
  • Never neglect the gum ailments as this may become more serious and end up with loss of teeth and other serious side effects .
  • Some research suggests that the bacteria responsible for gum diseases can enter the blood stream through gum tissue and affect the heart, lungs and other parts of the body.

Dr Adithya Babu P T P

Associate professor,

Department of Salakya tantra

Vaidyaratnam P S Varier Ayurveda College, Kottakkal

Mobile:- 9446228869, 8281948869


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