“Hello, This is Vaidya Sanjay, your virtual Ayurvedic Life style consultant. Are you interested to know about your present health status and advice for the day? Would you like to know what you are supposed to eat and what kind of work is advised for you today and for the following week ?
Of course, the band on your wrist has provided some data regarding your health status along with the photos and analysis of the food you consumed yesterday. It seems that you have consumed some extra spices like Paprika, which is not good to your base Prakrity which has dominant Pitta, which my database is providing me. You also had passed your bowels twice since morning & it was loose too.
So avoid all spicy foods and exposure to the sun today. Eat smooth rice gruel sprinkled with dry ginger and rock salt, along with some pomegranate juice”
You might just be feeling amazed thinking that you are talking to some personal Vaidya. But no, this is the role of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in not just getting you the right medical advice but also the role of AI in the age-old traditional medical system, Ayurveda. What we need to realize is that very soon AI will replace traditional vaidya treatment in the Ayurveda space too.
AIs will soon be able to track all your daily routine like the food you eat, your excretory patterns and other reactions. It will also be able to alert you about any variation in your routine that can be harmful. This method of tracking one’s routine is already being carried out by many applications when you use them like Google, Facebook, WA, Instagram, Hike, Hello. These applications constantly track your habits, behaviours, likings, travel plans, your needs and reactions too. These data are helpful in understanding one’s body constitution, behaviours and reactions. They will also help one in understanding any future health loss or detect a disease that will soon attack you.
The Ayurvedic vaidyans have already started using various medical devices, searching algorithms and analytics of the investigations of various diseases and trying to use nano technology like in modern medicine. This has started with the pharma industry percolating to hospitals and many government and private institutions.
Now-a-days the patients are very much aware of the diseases and treatments and hence they are proactive in knowing about their health condition and its documentation. Already, many doctors are seen to be using IT enabled services. In Ayurveda too, AI is being used for identifying the authenticity of the drugs/ herbs. Diagnostic techniques are also AI enabled. Nadi – Pulse examination machines are a good example. Automation is today’s norm. Automated Panchakarma Machines are tremendously popular and so it will be for other treatments too.
Government of INDIA’s AYUSH department has already started giving away awards for the use of technology and IT in diagnosing the diseases & thereby treating them. Searchable Samhita, patient management software, Nidan Kosh, Aushadhi kosh are few examples of application of technology in treatment procedures.
The patents, in this space in Ayurveda has already been awarded to Dr. Gujrathi for developing instruments for automated treatments. Various universities have started Innovation departments in their Ayurved colleges and various technological institutions like IIT are looking towards Ayurveda for sustainable solutions
Soon there will be AYURBAND(R) the wearable ayurveda band, that not just analyse the body constitution realtime but will also advise you on what to do and what not to do based on all the related factors like age, constitution, habitat, season, weather etc.
AI Technology – The future of healthcare sector
Today, Artificial Intelligence is seen to be applicable in different stages of our lives especially in our medical life. AI models are already in use in medical imaging and some of the super fine biochemical tests. By 2030, the new generation of doctors will create extraordinary AI programs for better diagnosis and with the advent of wireless technology its reach will be enormous. Ayurvedic physicians too do not want to keep themselves aloof from all the technological advancements that is happening. They too have shown interest in using AI in their different functions.
With 3 doshas , 7 dhatu, 3 mala, 13 strotas, few extra elements like kleda & 20 Sharir Guna, 6 rasa, 3 Vipak & 2 virya with all their permutations & combinations with variations in the degree; all bundled in 5 mahabhutas makes it difficult for new generation to reach an Ayurvedic diagnosis. Keeping this in mind, the Ayurvedic vaidyas and other experts are in the process of developing a solution in the form of a Pulse Diagnosis Machine, which will make a lot of their humongous task very easy. Thus, a carefully crafted algorithm based on a huge data will make diagnosis and treatment more reliable and easy.
Some of these machines are already in the market, while some others are still in the process of completion and yet a few are in the research process.
A study was done to evaluate the outcome of Nadi machine in various patients and observe its impact on the patient psychology and also to get a deeper understanding on Ayurvedic Pulse diagnosis. It was extremely encouraging to understand that the algorithm developed was in tandem with that of the manual understanding of the pulse. The HRV(?) which was used with the help of AI was definitely an edge above the rest. Thus, it was possible to measure/ feel the difference with great accuracy and precision. It was also observed that more the HRV, lesser the stress as it was prone to adaptability at various levels of stress. The diagrammatic/ Graphic representation of the pulse and understanding of various pulse patterns at each sensor makes it more useful as it helps to identify the activity of each dosha at the various sites. The understanding of Bala, Agni and other major sharir guna with their contrasting effect is well understood and can be used in the treatment procedures.
A PhD student at NIA (National Institute of Ayurvea), Jaipur is working with Nadi Tarangini as an diagnostic tool to understand the pathology and efficacy of the treatment specially pain management in the cases of Gridhrasi. At KLE university in Belagavi,Karnataka a researcher is working as an doctorate study with department of Technology to authenticate Pulsogram. This will improve the arena of the Ayurvedic diagnosis.
It is also too early to make statements about the machine, but it can be very well said that it has not only altered the thought process of common Ayurved practitioner who was never trained in pulse diagnosis and has no idea of how to do it correctly. Thus, this equipment is a real boon for every Ayurved practitioner not only to display the outcome of the Pulse diagnosis but also to track the changes and benefits of the treatment quantitatively.
As a result computer based AI infused Pulse Diagnosis Machines can readily provide some or other kind of reports based on the underlying parameters and algorithms that will soon be the future of Ayurved. As TCM has invaded & created their own space for itself among the western Population. Ayurved will soon not only follow the route but will overtake the TCM riding the AI bandwagon.
Dr. Sanjay Chhajed, MD( Kayachikitsa) , IPGT&RA, Jamnagar,
Medical Director, Chhajed Ayurved Academy , Mumbai & Mentor, BETiC, IIT, Mumbai